Muscle Contracture

Joint contractures impair quality of life and lead to further complications and disability. In severe dementia, many patients are seen in a fetal position. This position causes flexion of the muscles at joints, causing the muscles to undergo shortening, resulting in degenerative tissue changes, and then leading to potential irreversible deformity. The authors of this article discuss the development of joint contractures in Alzheimer’s disease (AD), where it is thought that the natural progression of AD terminates with patients in the fetal position. It has been postulated that this fetal position causes the high incidence of contractures seen in end-stage AD. However, in many situations it is the absence of adequate prevention strategies that produces contractures. Read the full article here>>

If you enjoyed this article, you might also be interested in this article from Annals of Long-Term Care:

Hip Fracture Rehabilitation in Persons with Dementia: How Much Should We Invest?

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