Agitation is a state of extreme emotional disturbance, whether it be from excitement, tension, confusion, or irritability. Agitation can be a sudden and fleeting feeling as well as a developing, long-term condition. A patient’s agitation may be increased by pain, stress, and fever, as well as other medical conditions. Agitation may be caused by a number of things, including alcohol, allergic reactions, poison, hospitalization, trauma, and infections, which is very common in older patients. Preventing and curing agitation is very important to the quality of life for any patient, as increased agitation can lead to extreme bouts of violence and even suicide. While there may be some easy tricks to limiting agitation, such as a calming environment and plenty of sleep, sometimes medications and medical professionals are required. For specific examples in treating agitation in elderly patients, you can take a look at Scheduled Low-Dose Risperidone for Agitation in Elderly Patients and Treating Pain to Reduce Agitation and Aggression in Long-Term Care Residents With Dementia. Agitation is a common problem in the elderly community. Annals of Long-Term Care is here to provide you with what you need to know to help fight it.